Wood Harvested

Responsibly harvesting timber to ensure sustainability.

Geo Parkes & Sons (Pty) Ltd supply wood to most of the establishments on the Timber Route from our privately owned indigenous forest, Parkes Forest.

Proclaimed as Protected under the Forest Act (Act No. 72 of 1968) by Government Notice No. 1296 of July 1974, no harvesting takes place within the Parkes Forest until officials from the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) have inspected the trees and a harvest permit has been granted.

DAFF employs forest scientists to conduct the inspections and to identify trees to be removed, topped or felled. There are strict tree harvest selection criteria to be adhered to and trees are identified for topping or felling based on various observations such as crown dieback, loss of the main shoot, basal or stem rot and natural factors such as windfall. Biodegradable tape is used to make cut lines through the undergrowth, dividing the compartments into strips 15 to 20m apart. The colour of the tape indicates the prognosis of a specific tree – blue for topping and yellow for felling.

Grown and harvested in strict accordance with the principles of the FSC from in and around the Knysna forest, Geo Parkes & Sons (Pty) Ltd proudly offers the following hardwood timbers. Please contact us for further details on the full range of wood we have for sale.


Ironwood: Olea capensis

The Ironwood (Olea capensis) is a medium tall to very tall tree, growing to between 15 and 35m. Its trunk is long, straight and cylindrical, with a grey, striated bark, sometimes found with corky spots. Trunks are occasionally found with thick, corky rings of ‘crocodile skin’, while older trunks often show a black discolouration due to slime flow from a bark wound. The crown is very large and heavy, is supported by long, steeply rising main branches and dominates the upper canopy. The Ironwood is a principal tree of all dry and moist forests, but is practically absent from scrub-forests.

Real Yellowwood: Podocarpus latifolius

The Yellowwood (Podocarpus latifolius) is a medium tall tree, reaching a height of 30 m under favourable conditions. Occurs at all forest types in the Southern Cape and is often abundant at moist and medium moist sites. The tree trunks are straight and the boles are often fluted when the tree is old. The bark is grey to yellowish-brown, often fissured and peeling in narrow vertical strips when the tree is mature.
Outeniqua Yellowwood

Outeniqua Yellowwood: Afrocarpus falcatus

The Outeniqua Yellowwood (Afrocarpus falcatus) is a medium tall to very tall tree. In favourable conditions this species can reach heights between 30 to 45m and reach an average age of 600 to possibly 1 000 years of age. The cylindrical trunk is long and straight, but often strongly fluted in old, giant trees. The bark is dark brown and scales off in large flakes, while the crown is usually visible high above the forest canopy, decorated with beard lichen or, near the coast, covered in masts of wild grape. A protected species according to the National Forests Act of 1998, the Outeniqua Yellowwood is abundant as a giant tree in moist forests and as a tall tree in medium-moist forests, but smaller in drier types of forests.
Hard Pear

Hard Pear: Olinia ventosa

The Hard Pear (Olinia ventosa) is a small to tall tree of between 8 to 25m, sporting a large, spreading crown. The trunk is long and cylindrical, becoming conical with strong flutings in older trees. The bark is commonly dark grey and fissured in squares and rectangles, while older, big trees have a flaky, reddish-brown bark. The Hard Pear is abundant in dry forests and, while less numerous in medium-moist forests, trees grow taller. This tree does not grow in moist and wet types of forests.
White Pear

White Pear: Apodytes dimidiata

A small to tall tree, the White Pear (Apodytes dimidiata) reaches up to 25m. The trunk is long, sinuous and fluted in drier areas, but straight and cylindrical in moist areas. Old trunks often develop water shoots. The whitish bark with grey, pale brown and orange coloured patches is persistently smooth with fine transverse ridges. The crown is small, but always dominant and usually draped in birch lichen. The White Pear is common in dry and medium-moist forests, and less numerous – but taller – in moist forests.

Stinkwood: Ocotea bullata

A medium tall to tall tree, the Stinkwood (Ocotea bullata) reaches a height of 25 to 30m in most suitable areas. The long, cylindrical trunk develops strong flutings and plank buttresses at maturity, and trees are often several-stemmed from a large, old stump. The bark of young stems is grey with white and orange patches, and smooth with transverse ridges and corky spots. The bark becomes dark brown, rough and flaky with age and the crown is dense and rounded. The Stinkwood, protected by the National Forests Act of 1998, is abundant in wet, mountain forests, but taller in moist forests, and less numerous and slimmer in drier forests.

Witstinkhout: Celtis africana

Small to medium-tall tree, 8-15m.
Trunk often fluted. Bark whitish, smooth with transverse ridges, becoming blotchy with age.
In dry forests and scrub-forest near the coast, especially along Groenvlei as well as at Keurboom and Groot River estuaries.
Discover the Legendary Knysna Timber Route

Discover the depth of history and local culture within the Knysna timber industry.
Identify the beautiful and rare forest trees – those which made Knysna’s wood famous.
Detailed map of everything you need to see when visiting this area.